The development team in projects plays a major role in driving success. As you can guess, it is a key element in project management.
- However, what is the development team in projects?
- Development team roles
- Project development team members
- Project sponsor
- The 5 stages of the Tuckman model for transforming the project team
- 1. Forming Stage
- 2. Storming – conflict stage
- 3. Norming – cohesion stage
- 4. Performing – performance stage
- 5. Adjourning – mourning stage
Speaking of project management, you might also like this article on how to choose a project management tool.
However, what is the development team in projects?
But let’s start at the beginning. A Development Team consists of the project manager and the group of people who work together on a project to achieve their goals.
It is composed, essentially, by:
- the project manager;
- the di project management staff;
- by other team members who, while not directly involved in management, are still involved in project-related activities.
Development team roles
The development team in projects includes the following roles:
Project manager or head of project:
The project manager plays the major role in the project and is responsible for ensuring success and quality.
A project manager is entrusted with various tasks and responsibilities such as:
- Project plan development
- Final results management according to the project plan
- Project team leading and management
- Deciding the working methodology for the project
- Establishing a project schedule and determining each phase
- Assigning tasks to project team members
- Provide regular updates to upper management
Project development team members
Project team members are essentially the staff members who are part of the team and work on the various phases of the project.
They can either be internal staff or external consultants and can work full-time or part-time; moreover, their roles may vary depending on each project.
Tasks of project team members can be summarized as follows:
- Help achieve the overall goals of the project
- Provide experience and knowledge
- Work together to establish and meet business needs
- Document the process
The project sponsor is the driver and internal supporter of the project.
They are typically members of senior management, those who have a stake in the successful outcome of the project.
Project sponsors work in close contact with the project manager, legitimizing project goals and taking part in high-level planning.
Also, they often help to solve conflicts and remove hindrances that occur during the project lifecycle and sign off on approvals needed to move forward in each phase.
The duties of the project sponsor are:
- Making key corporate decisions for the project
- Approving the project budget
- Ensuring resource availability
- Communicating project goals to the entire organization
The 5 stages of the Tuckman model for transforming the project team
A project development team is comprised of people who possess unique characteristics and knowledge.
This is what a team is like: different personalities, different backgrounds, different knowledge and, in some cases, completely different languages, cultures and workplaces.
That said, it becomes obvious that having professionals available does not automatically mean having a team.
1. Forming Stage
In this first stage, project team members meet for the first time.
This is similar to having an orientation phase where they learn about project information, goals, roles, and responsibilities.
During this stage, people look for leadership and authority.
2. Storming – conflict stage
The conflict stage is probably the most difficult and critical one to complete.
This is a period characterized by conflict and competition, where individuals’ identities begin to surface and differences over what needs to be done and how.
In cases of conflict, the project manager must take immediate action to avoid the creation of sub-groups that could lead to a disruptive climate.
To overcome this phase, team members, with the help of the project manager, must work to:
- overcome barriers,
- accept individual differences,
- overcome and work through conflicting point of views.
3. Norming – cohesion stage
If teams successfully move past the conflict phase, what emerges is a certain level of unity and thus we reach the cohesion stage.
Here, team members are no longer focused on individual goals, but instead look for ways to work together.
Team performance increases as people learn to collaborate and begin to focus on team goals.
4. Performing – performance stage
In this stage, agreement and collaboration are achieved and the team becomes mature and structured.
Not all teams manage to reach this level; many teams stop at the previous stage.
A team in the performing stage is one that can perform independently and without constant supervision.
5. Adjourning – mourning stage
This stage is achieved as the process nears completion and most of the team’s goals have been completed.
The focus is on completing the final tasks and documenting the effort and results.
This is a fragile phase in which the project manager must make sure to keep the team’s focus strong; only once the project is finished the team can celebrate.
After that, team members can be assigned to new projects.
Bottom line: Having a strong project development team is more than just bringing together people with the right mix of skills.
The key is to create an effective and productive team that can communicate, cooperate and innovate in an atmosphere of mutual trust and respect.